One of the fastest growing criminal industry
One of the fastest growing criminal industry, which is rapidly developed all over the world is considered to be human trafficking - illegal trade of human beings in purpose of sexual exploitation and violence, as a labour force or as the donors of human organs. In all three cases the pander gets enormous incomes via human pain and suffering.
There are different committees and organizations, trying to manage this global problem, but still there are numerous loop-holes in the law systems of different countries, possibilities for illegal human immigration and naiveness of those people, who are promised in getting huge incomes while working abroad – without special education, language knowledge and working experience, which allow this industry to develop and to be prosperous. In such case money are considered to be the key success factor and the major engine of human trafficking commerce.
In majority of cases people do not know which sort of work they are supposed to do as only they cross the border of their country and as their documents are confiscated by their ‘employer’.
In our research we would study the problem of trafficking women in international scales. We would define main types of prostitution, show its impact on human psychology and social life of victims of human trafficking, outline the examples of situation in several countries and finally we would consider existing policy or law to solve this problem and effectiveness of their practical implementation.
It is possible to outline three variants of being involved into prostitution: when female goes abroad in order to find there well-paid works: such as being involved into the hotel or restaurant business, working as dancer in cafes or bars, au pair, working with kids etc- such types of work, are paid good and do not require high education or some extraordinary professional skills. The most tragical situation occurs after crossing the border, when all the documents are confiscated, female is isolated in some house and the only opportunity for her to get home- is to ‘earn’ via sexual physical coercion that quantity of money, needed for return ticket. In second case there is a variant when women goes abroad and she knows that her work would be prostitution, but the life conditions or salary rate, expected by her are mistaken. In the third case women know which sort of work and in which life conditions is to be carried out and they accept such work as only possible outlet to earn money and to survive.
To our opinion, prostitution as a result of trafficking women and children is a global problem of monumental scale and it cannot be considered as ‘the oldest profession’ and as a fruitful collaboration between wealthy male and female, who wants to earn some money. We are sure that such social problem is to be eradicated in the global scale, because if some countries offer such possibility and their governments support prostitution legality, there would be those people who would like to earn big money on that- both ladies and panders (Rebecca J. Cook, 2004).
We would like to stress that both in developed countries and in countries of the third world such problem exists. As an example, in UK there is a possibility of being employed as prostitution and many women go there with purpose of earning money and they are acknowledged about the sort of employment – and it is considered to be a norm of the social order when male gets sexual satisfaction and female earns money. In other countries such as poor African countries, the prostitution is considered to be the only way of being employed and there are cases when parents intentionally give their kids for sexual trafficking in order to survive. In some cases sexual trafficking is indirectly supported by huge political movements.
L. Mantini outlines the following factors of indigenous vulnerability of poor countries citizens: institutional inertia, social inequality, human rights violations and cultural factors. That allows the panders to find out those victims, who have lost trust in life and despaired ones. They offer them the ‘chance of the whole life’ and by false pretences involve them into sexual slavery.
Nowadays there are following intergovernmental organisations and institutions, who struggle with trafficking women and children: United Nations, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Council of Europe. These organizations develop and adopt conventions such as Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, which define the general problems of trafficking in human beings and have regulations for penalty the guilty in crime, concerning violation of human rights.
Finally, we would like to conclude that trafficking women in internationally should be stopped. That should be a result of common work of governments of all countries which are involved into this problem. The rigidity of penalty for those people who organise, execute and consciously participate in the human trafficking process should be toughened. Also, the governmental actions inside of the countries should be undertaken.
It cannot be tolerated that women – potential mothers of future human generation are sexually exploited in order of getting sexual satisfaction by some males and earning money by panders.
It is not acceptable for social life of different folks and cultures to use the ‘services’ of prostitutes, because that may crush families and human lives, make negative impact on the human health and destroy the moral principles of human being.
The last aspect against of human trafficking is that we live in the 21st century and human civilisation has achieved high results in all spheres of human life and after being successful in different areas, the main things to be saved are humanity, morality and spirituality of man.